Excessive sweating faq

Excessive sweating faq

What is the role of perspiration and sweat glands?

Sweating or Sweating is a natural phenomenon that plays a vital role in regulating the internal temperature of the body. It allows the body to maintain a stable temperature (around 37 ° C) whatever the circumstances: when it is hot or when the body overheats (fever or physical stress). Only humans, apes and some mammals such as horse sweat. Other animals use other means to cool.

We have between 2 and 5 million sweat glands spread over our entire body. The majority of them are glands "eccrine" and are found in large numbers on the feet, palms, forehead, temples and armpits. They produce 1 liter of sweat per day, on average, but this figure can rise to 10 liters in case of intense effort or stress. This sweat is odorless, it is composéeen majority of water. But it also contains salt, hence its saltiness, and other products such as urea or ammonia. It is usually this kind of sweat that is involved in hyperhidrosis (excessive sweating).

The other type of sweat glands is called "apocrine". The apocrine glands are concentrated in the armpits, genitals and ears. They are associated with body hair and do not become manifest until puberty. They secrete a thick liquid rich in fats. When this fluid comes into contact with the bacteria on the surface of the skin, it produces a "body odor" feature.

What triggers sweating?

Eccrine glands like the apocrine glands are activated by the sympathetic nerve system. These nerves respond to a variety of stimuli, including:

  • Messages brain indicating that the body is too hot
  • Hormonal secretions
  • Physical activity or exercise.
  • Some foods (chocolate, coffee, peppers ...) 

In people suffering from excessive sweating or localized hyperhidrosis, sweat glands (glands eccrine in particular) overreact to these stimuli, they are usually overactive and produce more sweat than necessary.

 

How Sweating evolves by age and sex?

Sweating varies from one individual to another and changes throughout life. In general, men sweat more than women and more sports than those who do not practice sports. Sweating is becoming more important in adolescence, peaking around 35-40 years and decreases with age. Hyperhidrosis or excessive sweating (not related to disease) follows the same curve. Sweating, even abundant remains localized when it is not worrying. However, a generalized excessive sweating (or diffuse) can be a sign of pathology. Better to see a doctor to find the cause.

 

What hyperhidrosis or excessive sweating?

 

The Sweating is a physiological function essential for our body. It plays a central role in the regulation of the internal temperature by allowing the body to remain at 37 ° C, regardless of the external heat or the product effort. But in people suffering from excessive sweating or hyperhidrosis, the phenomenon 's racing. It's more of a normal response to an overheating of the body. The sweat glands become overactive and secrete 4 or 5 times more sweat than necessary. One in five will suffer once in their life an embarrassing episode of sweating and 3-4% of the population of permanent excessive sweating. When the sweat reaches this extreme, it can be very embarrassing, uncomfortable and anxiety. It disrupts all aspects of life and undermines confidence. But due to lack 's information, more than half of these people are never diagnosed or treated for their symptoms.

 

What are the different types of hyperhidrosis?

 

The hyperhidrosis is mostly localized time in certain places of the body: armpits, feet, hands and head. Excessive Sweating or primary hyperhidrosis (not related to disease) is a poorly understood phenomenon that usually appears in adolescence. People with hyperhidrosis are often anxious. Transpiration is not directly associated with effort, but rather to stress. This hyperhidrosis appears in adolescence, peaking around 35-40 years and decreases with age. The palmar-plantar hyperhidrosis (hands and feet) predominates in men. Women suffer from their side sweating problems by increased hormonal activity (menstruation, pregnancy, menopause).

 

Secondary or generalized hyperhidrosis occurs suddenly. It may be the result of taking the drug or a symptom of a pathology. In all cases, if your sweating is very abundant and permanent (day and night) is better to consult a doctor who will look into the cause.

 

How to know if you suffer from hyperhidrosis?

 

If you answer at least two of the criteria below, you probably suffer from localized primary type of excessive sweating:

 

Your sweat is bilateral and relatively symmetrical, which means that you sweat the same amount of sweat on both sides of your body.

Your excessive sweating in your daily activities.

You experience at least one episode of sweating week.

The beginning of your excessive sweating is before your 25 years.

You have a family history 's hyperhidrosis. (This means that 's other members of your family suffer from excessive sweating problems)

You stop sweating when you sleep.

In this case, consulting a dermatologist is recommended. It will direct you to the treatments or the most appropriate solutions to your problems.

 

What are the treatments against the Excessive Sweating?

 

Localized hyperhidrosis can be treated in different manières.L'anti-perspirant is the standard treatment for the problems of excessive sweating of the armpits, hands, feet, or face.

 

The Iontophoresis (or Iontophoresis) is the second approach favored by the experts. This treatment uses electric current for therapeutic purposes. Passing an electric current through water-filled tanks in which are soaked hands and feet to be processed, or used under the arms and on the face of specific accessories waterlogged. This treatment against hyperhidrosis is safe and particularly effective.

 

The textile solutions can bring real comfort avoiding people suffering from hyperhidrosis of the armpits or feet to suffer the effects of their excessive sweating: anti-halos washable or disposable patches, t-shirts Sweat, soles or socks anti- sweating.

 

Finally in the most severe cases, botox injections or surgery you may be prescribed by your specialist.

 

What to do in case of excessive underarm sweating or axillary hyperhidrosis?

Underarm hyperhidrosis is characterized by localized excessive sweating under the arms, manifested mainly during the day and bilaterally (right armpit and left armpit). It can be very embarrassing as it forms halos on clothing and is accompanied by strong odor. Some experts believe that it is more common in women. Hyperhidrosis of the armpits would be the most common form of excessive sweating with about 40% of cases of localized excessive sweating.

 

Antiperspirants are the first line treatment for this type of excessive sweating. They provide excellent results in most cases. But there are also natural solutions to limit the inconvenience caused by this excessive sweating such as antiperspirant underwear (shirt) or washable or disposable patches.

 

In the most severe cases, Botox injections (botulinum toxin) or surgery may be necessary.

 

For more information: Solutions excessive underarm sweating

 

What to do in case of excessive sweating of the hands?

Hyperhidrosis of the hands (or palmar hyperhidrosis) is characterized by localized excessive sweating on the palm and fingers, manifested mainly during the day and bilaterally (right hand and left hand). The hands are constantly moist, or are completely wet. It can be very annoying when 'it is to shake hands of others or engage in activities that require a dry grip. Some experts believe that it is more common in men and is often accompanied by excessive sweating of the feet.

 

Antiperspirants are the first line treatment for this type of excessive sweating. They can give good results, especially if seizures are punctual.

 

The iontophoresis is another recommended treatment. In over 80% of cases, it enables a very significant reduction of troubles.

 

In the most severe cases, Botox injections (botulinum toxin) or surgery may be necessary.

 

For more information: Solutions excessive sweating of the hands

 

What to do in case of excessive sweating of the feet?

Hyperhidrosis of the feet (plantar hyperhidrosis or) is characterized by localized excessive sweating of the feet and toes, manifested mainly during the day and bilaterally (right foot and left foot). The feet are constantly wet or are completely wet. It may be very troublesome when it comes to engage in activities that need to be socks or barefoot. Some experts believe that it is more common in men and is often accompanied by excessive sweating of the hands. Also this excessive sweating promotes bacterial and fungal infections.

 

Antiperspirants are the first line treatment for this type of excessive sweating. They provide good results and avoid odors.

 

Textile solutions such as anti-sweat socks or antiperspirant soles increase living comfort and avoid associated inconvenience.

 

The iontophoresis is another recommended treatment. In over 80% of cases, it enables a very significant reduction of troubles.

 

For more information: Solutions excessive sweating of the feet

 

What to do in case of excessive sweating of the face or head?

Hyperhidrosis of the face or head (or cranial or facial hyperhidrosis) is characterized by localized excessive sweating on the forehead, upper lip, temples, scalp or neck, manifested mainly during the day . Face or scalp is constantly wet or completely wet. It can be very awkward socially, gives the impression of greasy hair and makes it difficult wearing makeup.

 

Antiperspirants are the first line treatment for this type of excessive sweating. They work well and allow to keep a fresh face.

 

For more information: Solutions excessive facial sweating.

 

 

 

DayDry is a partner of the International Hyperhidrosis Society.

 

International Hyperhidrosis Society

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